Saturday, 29 August 2015

The Fear of British Rulers

Bhagat Singh's name in real sense became symbol of Indian revolutionary movement like Lenin of Russian revolution. Britishers acknowledged his political inclination & perspective which became a stiff reason to hang him without a fair trail & justice.

According to Jatindra Nath Sanyal, a co-accused in Lahore Conspiracy Case & who knew him very well wrote:
Bhagat  Singh was an extremely well read man & his special sphere of study was Socialism. The batch of young men that figured in Lahore Conspiracy Case was essentially an intellectual one. But even in this group Bhagat Singh predominanted for his intellectual ascendancy. Though Socialism was his special subject, he had deeply studied the history of Russian revolutionary movement from its beginning in the early 19th century to the October Revolution of 1917. It is generally believed that very few in India could be compared to him in the knowledge of this special subject. The economic experiment in Russia under the Bolshevik regime also greatly interested him.

Here is photo of Bhagat Singh's death certificate. He was hanged in hurry by britishers, a day earlier his scheduled day in evening, 7 p.m, which was against protocol of hanging procedure.

Inquilab Zindabad!

Tuesday, 25 August 2015

Assessment by Prof. Chaman Lal

It would be unfair to take one name when it comes on detailing Bhagat Singh & his revolutionary life, he is none other than Dr. Chaman Lal. An authority in this country who rightly pointed out Bhagat Singh's political interest, activities of his revolutionary career. Many hidden facts related to Bhagat Singh & his comrades are being highlighted by Dr. Chaman Lal.

His books like
Understanding Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh's Jail Notebook
Bhagat Singh aur unke saathiyoon k dastawez, are real eye opener for all of us.
One such example is this piece of interview of Dr. Chaman Lal, its a landmark assessment of Bhagat Singh in recent time.

Long Live Revolution!

Monday, 24 August 2015

A Disgrace to Nation- Untouchability

The problem of Untouchability (1928)- "Bhagat Singh made a scathing attack on the philosophy (karmvipak) of Hinduism, which provides a rationale to a most heinous system of untouchability and caste hierarchy and links the fight against untouchability to revolutionary politics, which shows a concrete understanding of the linkages of religion with caste system in India. He criticised the orthodox social elements as well as the leaders like M. M. Malviya getting publicly garlanded by a scavenger and then purifying himself by taking bath with the clothes. He invokes the principle of equality and demands to abolish the ideas and of discrimination based on birth or social division of labour. He criticises the hierarchical system that treats inhumanly the very sections that render the most essential, most basic services to the society. Finally, he suggests that unless the untouchables – the backbone of this country – organise themselves, the problem of untouchability will find no solution."
In recent times our nation had witnessed frequent occurrence of atrocities on low caste people, minorities, Dalits, etc. For example-
The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has issued notice to the Gujarat government over the issue of a separate Anganwadi for the Dalit children in Hajipur village of Patan district. The Commission has taken suo motu cognizance of a media report that there are two separate Anganwadis, one for the children of Dalits and the other for the children of other castes, in Gujarat's Hajipur village.
The report stated that a three-year-old Dalit girl, who was lost in conversation with her four-year-old neighbour friend, walked towards Anganwadi no. 160 but was stopped at the gate and asked to go to Anganwadi no. 159 that was meant for Dalits. Anganwadi no. 160 is meant for the children of Patidars and Brahmins.
Few months ago, present NDA government passed SC/ST Prevention of Atrocities Bill (POA) in lower house but question is will it make a difference? Best provision under this law is filing of a case by Dalit but also a big flaw lies which states that under this law only Hindu, Sikh & Buddhist Dalits are considered as Dalits & not Muslim or Christian Dalits. Its a serious flaw underlining discrimination.
Indian Judiciary in a caste oriented Country has chosen to treat atrocities rooted in caste like a "normal crime". All said & done, law alone do not deter atrocities; convictions do.
It can be concluded that three sided action is needed, One by the Dalit community, they need to educate, organize & agitate themselves for their own right & Secondly all four pillars of Indian democracy must come ahead with loyalty to rescue this section of suffering Indians & thirdly we the part of society should understand that humanity stands ahead than any caste or religion.
Inquilab Zindabad
Saamrajyavaad Murdabad

Sunday, 23 August 2015

India's Unity under threat

Communal Riots and the Solution-
Bhagat Singh said, “To stop people fighting with one another, it is essential to develop class consciousness” and he advocates people’s unity transcending the divisions of religion, colour, community, nationality etc., to unite to break the shackles of colonialism and attain economic independence. He cites the example of Soviet Russia and also an incidence from Calcutta where in a riot-charged atmosphere the industrial workers of both Hindu and Muslim communities joined hands to resist the riot as examples of class-consciousness overcoming the social divides. He also expresses hope in the young generation, which was then showing a growing despise towards communal riots.

Undivided India witnessed rise of Islamic & Hindu fundamentalists which resulted in riots. A look on riots in pre- Independent India:
11 riots-1923
18 riots- 1924
16 riots- 1925
35 riots- 1926.
Taking up communal violence issue of present India, any government formed at centre or in state driven by certain set of ideologies are being tagged as failure to stop continuity of communal clashes. Presently India's social & secular fabric is under threat.

Bhagat Singh's dream of united India with communal harmony needs proper check without undergoing political headlocks.

Can India's dream to be a Superpower be fulfilled just on development neglecting its domestic issues like Communalism?

Wednesday, 19 August 2015

Uncertain Glory of India

Bhagat Singh did not dreamed of India which would be wrecked by hunger, malnutrition, communalism overall unequal status of Indian citizens.

This statistics of hunger people would surely had saddened Bhagat Singh but we as nation need to stand against these stigmatized conditions of our countrymen.

Wednesday, 12 August 2015

Bhagat Singh & Inquilab Zindabad

Bhagat Singh is one of the revolutionaries from galaxy of India's freedom struggle who gave a new rejuvenating slogan of Long Live Revolution, Inquilab Zindabad because till then India's slogan for freedom was Vande Matram. Not only giving a slogan but also defined it with its core meaning.

Long Live Revolution- It represented the outlook; the revolutionary movement will not stop at the achievement of freedom; it will continue till the system which permits the exploitation of man by man or a nation by another nation is abolished and a basic change in socio-economic structure of society is brought about.

Long Live Proletariat – It means this belongs to the toiling mass of working class & proletariat the driving force of the revolution- a slogan that is being sought to be dropped today by the betrayers of Socialism. What is unfortunate is that some of our old revolutionaries who profess by Socialism have also fallen prey to this trend and emphasize the 1st & 3rd slogan bypassing the 2nd.

Down with Imperialism- he defines it by saying “A slave nation cannot establish a classless society, abolishing exploitation and bring about equality amongst the men. For such a nation first and foremost task is to break the chains of Imperialist domination that binds it.In other words revolution in a slave country has to be Anti-Imperialistic and Anti-Colonial.”.

An important point to be noted is Bhagat Singh was opposed to whole system of Imperialistic rule & not only against British imperialism, so his slogan was Down with Imperialism.

A Step towards Egalitarian India

MNREGA in reality is the only scheme in history of India which has empowered women but present Government of India had undermined its efficiency.

Women of rural India have now a better position than earlier in terms of monetary in dependency. Independent decision making by women has taken place real terms. MNREGA has strengthened the women community.

Just keeping MNREGA on discriminatory political base will not be a fair deal. Mr. Narendra Modi openly had tagged it as a failed scheme of UPA-1 government but analysis of MNREGA should overcome opportunistic political criticism.

Perceptional Stance of Shahid Bhagat Singh

The perception with which Bhagat Singh ended his life is something very reasonable, valid & relevant. A transition from Anti-colonial to Socialism is traceable.
The ideas of Bhagat Singh, even if not wholly but substantially have been incorporated as pre-ambular vision of our Constitution. But the dream for which he sacrificed his life has not been fulfilled and the relevance of what he said can hardly be ignored. The ground realities, if at all, changed only marginally”, says Supreme Court of India.

The move by present Government of India to omit out words Socialist/Secular from our Constitution raises suspicion to overrule the idea of Independent India what Shahid Bhagat Singh thought of.

Russian revolution inspired Bhagat Singh to the core, so he had great regards for Lenin. The turning point came in 1928, September 8-9, Delhi, Ferozshah Kotla, Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) got transformed into Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA). Word Socialist was added to its name & Socialism became their ultimate goal to be achieved.

Here is an image of the leaflet which was thrown by Bhagat Singh & Buttakeshwar Dutt along with harmless bombs in assembly hall on 8th April, 1929.

Tuesday, 11 August 2015

Authentic Photos

Since many years in this country there has been series of efforts to misappropriate, misinterpret, dismantle the real picture of Bhagat Singh as a contributor to India's freedom. As Revolutionary he is the most unique person to be explored for personal interest.

But interestingly in all his lifetime he had only four original photographs at different age. They are as follows-

1. 1st picture at age 12 after Jallianwalah Bagh massacre.
2. 2nd picture after age 21+
3. 3rd picture at age of 17
4. 4th picture at age of 20 after his first arrest.
On internet one can find Bhagat Singh wearing yellow turbon but in reality he only wore white turbon. Coloring his turbon is forceful imposition of  right fringe commumal elements.

Long Live Revolution
Inquilab Zindabad!

Important Letters

In 1922, when M.K.Gandhi took back non cooperation movement it resulted in rise of many dissent youth voice like B.C.Vohra, Sukhdev, Chandrasekhar Azad & Bhagat Singh. From here Mr. Gandhi's non- violence got competed against revolutionary activities of HRA & later HSRA.

Till hanging of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev & Rajguru, M.K.Gandhi did not confront Bhagat Singh in any manner. Neither face-off nor any polemic criticism but Sukhdev took an opportunity to critisize Gandhi & wrote a letter to him. In return to this Mr. Gandhi wrote a letter to Sukhdev which he published in his paper Harijan.

Here are two images of letters. First is of Gandhi's reply to Sukhdev & Second is Bhagat Singh's letter to his father.

Monday, 10 August 2015

An Important Recalling

A book edited by Professor Chaman Lal, an authority on Bhagat Singh's life & his activities as a revolutionary.

Jail notebook of Bhagat Singh is an asset related to Bhagat Singh emphasizing his idea related to Independence of India. This book is one of the most interesting book covering his all over persona.

Second image is a special message which HSRA leaders had send to Soviet Union on Lenin's death anniversary, 21st January.

Saturday, 8 August 2015

Asset of India lies in it's rural area.

Glimpse of Intellectuality

Bhagat Singh is only remembered as a fighter revolutionary carrying a gun with him all the time but this is a wrong notion being set as thinking among us. A highlight on his intellectual efforts.

As per Shiv Verma, close associate of Bhagat Singh from U.P, his thirst for reading books was something unique. As estimated..

He read 50 books during his Schooltime;
200 books before his 1st arrest in 1921
Approximately 300 books during imprisonment of 716 days from 8th April, 1929- 23rd March 1931.
Merely at age of 23 years,5months, 25days, a persons reading voraciously is unimaginable. But this was done in reality.

According to his nephew, Prof. Jagmohan Singh, Bhagat Singh established a library of 175 books by around 70 authors at Agra where Assembly bomb attack was planned. Even on 23rd March, on the day he was hanged, he was reading V.I.Lenin's "State and Revolution".

The Intellectual side of Indian Revolution has always remained weak but to overcome this at present we need to think & work beyond conventional concepts of our own subjects in which master. Being a specialist we have to act like a generalist.

Inquilab Zindabad.

Love towards Reading books.

Stand against Religious Fundamentalism, a big challenge to Secular values.

Admiration for Bhagat Singh

During 1930's it was said that "If MK Gandhi was Sun of India's political sky, Bhagat Singh was a star which rose out from depth of darkness."

After death his article named Why I am an athiest? became relevant enough to be considered very important. At the same time renowned rationalist leader E.V.Ramasamy Periyar from Tamil Nadu published this article  in Tamil & presented his views on comparing Gandhi & Bhagat Singh. Clarity in idea of Bhagat Singh' perception & action was important then & is equally relevant in today's contemporary India. Such an admiration for Bhagat Singh proves his intensity.

Friday, 7 August 2015

A Humble Hearty Request

Mother of Bhagat Singh, Smt. Vidyawati Ji's appeal to youth section of our society proves one thing very clear, that India either colonial or independent, needs involvement of its youth force in decision making and being integral part of Socio-Political sphere. If politics decides our life pattern with roller coaster rides, we must choose our politics.
Bhagat Singh stood to build up Society on Socialistic base with universal brotherhood, equality for all rejecting exploitation of man by man and country by country. Since many years this truth is on track to be misappropriated by extream right Hindu fringe elements like Bhagat Singh Kranti Sena.
The question is not to own Bhagat Singh on one's own side but to face truth for what purpose Bhagat Singh gave up his life.
Was it for a Hindu Nation or an Islamic state or for an Egalitarian India?

Set of books from Expertized intellectual of this country.

Each & Every book highlights every aspect of revolutionary life of Bhagat Singh. By reading these books idea of Bhagat Singh for Independent India will be known.